The United States Army is the largest branch of the military and is responsible for land-based operations. The Army is made up of more than 1.1 million soldiers and over 5,000 generals.
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The Army’s organizational structure
The Army is divided into divisions, with each division being made up of several brigades. There are a total of 10 divisions in the Army. The Army also has a number of special units that are not part of a division, such as the Rangers and the Green Berets. The Army’s organizational structure allows it to be very flexible in how it can respond to threats.
The Army’s chain of command
The Army’s organizational structure is hierarchical, with a clear chain of command from the President of the United States (Commander-in-Chief) down to the newest recruit. The structure is designed to ensure clear communication and rapid decision-making in times of crisis.
The Army is divided into two main branches: the active duty Army and the Army Reserve. The active duty Army is further divided into three components: the Regular Army, the National Guard, and the Army Reserve. Each component has its own distinct roles and responsibilities.
The President of the United States is the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces and has ultimate authority over all military matters. The Secretary of Defense, a civilian appointed by the President, is responsible for supervising the Department of Defense, which includes the Army. The Secretary of Defense has a small group of close advisers, known as the Joint Chiefs of Staff, who are responsible for providing military advice on all matters relating to national security.
The Army’s top officer is the Chief of Staff of the Army, a four-star general who serves as a principal military adviser to both the President and the Secretary of Defense. The Chief of Staff is assisted by a Vice Chief of Staff and four Deputy Chiefs of Staff, who oversee different areas such as operations, intelligence, personnel, and logistics.
Below the level of Deputy Chiefs
The Army’s divisions
The Army is organized into 10 divisions:
-8 functional (also called “branch”) divisions
-2 infantry divisions
There are also 4 specialties within the Army:
The Army’s ranks
The Army is divided into two main branches: the Officers and the Enlisted. The Officers are the ones in charge and the Enlisted are the ones who carry out the orders. The Army also has a third branch, which is the Reserve. The Reserve is a group of people who have served in the Army before and are now training to come back in case they are needed.
The Army’s enlisted ranks
The Army’s enlisted ranks are divided into three tiers: senior enlisted personnel, junior enlisted personnel, and new recruits.
Senior enlisted personnel are the most experienced soldiers in the Army. They include the sergeant major of the Army, the Army’s highest-ranking enlisted soldier; command sergeants major, who serve as the principal enlisted advisors to generals and colonels; and sergeants major, who serve as the commanders of companies, battalions, and brigades.
Junior enlisted personnel are all soldiers who are not senior enlisted personnel. They include privates (E-1), privates first class (E-2), specialists (E-4), and corporals (E-5).
New recruits are soldiers who have recently joined the Army. They include all soldiers in the ranks of private (E-1) and private first class (E-2).
The Army’s officer ranks
The Army’s officer ranks are divided into two tiers: company grade and field grade. Company grade officers include first and second lieutenants and captains. Field grade officers include majors, lieutenant colonels and colonels.
The Army’s officer ranks are divided into four categories: general officers, field-grade officers, company-grade officers, and warrant officers.
General officers are the Army’s top leaders. They include the Army chief of staff, the vice chief of staff, the four Army stars (generals), and the more than 25 one-star generals who lead the Army’s major commands around the globe.
Field-grade officers are majors, lieutenant colonels and colonels. These leaders typically hold command positions at the battalion or brigade level or serve as staff officers at higher headquarters.
Company-grade officers are first and second lieutenants and captains. These young leaders usually lead platoons (about 40 soldiers) or company-sized units (about 100 soldiers).
Warrant officers are specialized experts in their particular field such as aviation or intelligence who receive a commission from the president of the United States upon recommendation from the secretary of the Army.
The Army’s size
The Army is the largest military branch with over 1 million soldiers. The Army also has the most generals, with over 9,000. The Army’s size gives it a lot of power, but it also comes with a lot of responsibility.
The Army’s active duty personnel
The United States Army is the largest branch of the United States Armed Forces and performs land-based military operations. The Army’s size is determined by the number of its active duty personnel. As of September 30, 2020, the Army had 476,575 active duty soldiers.
The Army’s reserve personnel
The Army has over 1 million service members on active duty and more than 800,000 reservists. The Army Reserve is composed of volunteers who train periodically to be ready to serve in the Army if called upon. The Army National Guard is made up of soldiers who serve part time and who can be called upon to serve in the Army during times of war or other national emergencies.
The Army’s budget
The Army has a lot of generals because it is a big organization. The Army’s budget pays for the salaries of all of the generals. The Army also has a lot of weapons and equipment, which costs a lot of money.
The Army’s fiscal year 2020 budget
The Army’s fiscal year 2020 budget request is $182.3 billion, which is an increase of $7.5 billion, or 4.3 percent, from the 2019 enacted budget of $174.8 billion. The budget funds the Army’s ongoing operations and investments in equipment, training, and readiness. It also supports the continued expansion of the Army’s force structure to meet national security requirements.
The Army is requesting a total of $37.4 billion for procurement in FY 2020, which is an increase of $2.7 billion, or 7.8 percent, from the FY 2019 enacted level of $34.7 billion. The procurement budget funds the purchase of new equipment and weapons systems, as well as upgrades to existing systems. The Army is requesting a total of $14.1 billion for research, development, testing, and evaluation (RDT&E) in FY 2020, which is an increase of $2.1 billion, or 17.5 percent, from the FY 2019 enacted level of $12 billion.
The budget also provides for a 1 percent pay raise for all military personnel and civilian employees; funding for 50,000 additional soldiers; and increases to the Army’s readiness levels